Patan Durbar Square

Patan Durbar Square is located not far away from the city centre. Similar to the other two counterparts, the square is surrounded by palaces and temples. The square is an exemplar of Newar art. Not only is the square floor tiled with red bricks, but there are also exquisite carvings and beautiful Newar architecture.

Patan Durbar Square is the home to both Hindu temples and Buddhist temples, showing the harmonic co-existence of the two religions. Krishna temple, among others, is the one that you cannot miss. It has world-renowned stone carvings and statues, depicting epics and stories of ancient India. It also houses 21 gold pinnacles, which make the temple, built upon the request by a royal family, to look even more sparkling.

Kathmandu Durbar Square

Kathmandu Durbar Square is the heart of Kathmandu. Its importance is comparable to that of Tiananmen Square to Beijing and Red Square to Moscow. It features a variety of temples built by Newar artists. It is also surrounded by magnificent palaces and museums. 

The most famous buildings in the square are the Hanuman Dhoka (a palace complex) and the Kasthamandap. The former was built in the 16th century. It was named after Hanuman, a divine monkey. The palace is, in fact, a symbolisation of Hindus’ worship of Hanuman. At the entrance stands a statue of Hanuman, and a temple devoted to him is located inside the palace. The palace also houses a museum that tells the history of the royal families, as well as a monument with inscriptions in 15 languages.

The Kasthamandap is not only the largest tower in Nepal, but also the most important temple. Kathmandu got its name from the Kasthamandap, showing how significant the temple is to Nepal. It is said that the temple was built with the timber of a single tree. It is a must-visit place where yearly celebrations or ceremonies are held for your enjoyment.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Besides Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square is also worth visiting. Located in Bhaktapur, a town 13km from the city centre, Bhaktapur Durbar Square served as the royal palace of the Bhaktapur Kingdom in the 18th century. It is also surrounded by palaces, temples and museums.

The unique feature of the square is the Palace of Fifty-five Windows, a palace with a strong touch of Hinduism. As its name goes, there are 55 carved wooden windows inside the palace. You can try to count them! Another remarkable feature is the “Golden Gate”, surmounted by a figure of the Hindu goddess Kali and Garuda. The gate is claimed to be the world’s most beautiful arch. It is even recognised by a British art critic as not only the most stunning art in Nepal, but also the treasure of the country. 

Pashupatinath Temple

To many people’s knowledge, Nepal is a Hindu country with a long history. The oldest Hindu Temple in this country is the Pashupatinath Temple. This huge temple is located on the banks of the Bagmati River. It is one of the four largest temples devoted to the worship of Lord Shiva, attracting countless Hindus every year. The temple is especially crowded with Hindus during Maha Shivaratri, a Hindu festival celebrated in honour of Lord Shiva in either February or March every year.

Pashupatinath Temple is also known as “temple for body burning” in Chinese. It is because the temple also serves as Nepal’s largest cremation field, where many Nepalis were cremated. It also houses more than five hundred temples and is surrounded by sadhus and vendors selling religious products. Inside the temple, there is a black lingam of Shiva, whilst at the west entrance is a huge gold statue of Nandi, Shiva’s guardian. It is usually depicted as a bull. 


Hinduism is apparently the main religion of Nepal, and of course of Kathmandu. In Kathmandu, however, there is a huge stupa named Boudhanath. Boudhanath is Nepal’s largest stupa and the world’s biggest spherical stupa. It has been the centre of lives for Tibetan diasporas and Buddhists.

Boudhanath is a white dome topped with a gold pyramid, to which strings of prayer flags are connected. It makes you feel like you were in Lhasa. Many Tibetan diasporas have settled in Boudhanath’s surrounding areas, and more than 50 gompas have been erected as a result for their convenience.