Egyptian Museum

Egypt is a treasure to many historians and archaeologists. If you would like to learn about the history of this country, the Egyptian Museum may be a good start.

The Egyptian Museum boasting the largest collections of Pharaonic antiquities was built by an Italian construction company and designed by a French architect. The museum has two stories, with the ground floor exhibitions presenting by years and the first floor by themes. There are special exhibitions on the treasures of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, mummies of the pharaohs and more on the first floor. Your visit to the museum is incomplete without seeing for yourself the mummies and the golden mask of Tutankhamun. These astonishing collections, together with the professional introduction from your tour guide, will make the visit a fruitful Egyptian history class.

The Giza pyramid complex

Everyone would agree that the pyramids and the Giza Necropolis are the representations of Egypt. The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu), which is the tallest among the complex, was listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is by far the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still standing. This pyramid complex is also a treasure to many archaeologists and historians.

The Giza pyramid complex includes three main pyramids, along with their associated pyramid complexes and the Great Sphinx of Giza. The three pyramids are for Pharaoh Khufu, Pharaoh Khafre and Pharaoh Menkaure. The Great Sphinx of Giza is the largest and oldest of all, with its four sides facing four directions. It is still a mystery of how ancient techniques were able to construct this hundred-metre tall building with massive stones weighing tons. Next to it is the Giza Solar Boat Museum where you will find a replica of an ancient Egypt solar boat.

Khan el-Khalili

The market is an essential component of the daily life of people in the Arab world. When you travel in Cairo, try to make time for Khan el-Khalili to experience the local life.

Khan el-Khalili is located in the historical centre in Cairo. It is buzzing both inside and outside of the market. The many products, tourists and local people packed everywhere will have you lost among alleys. When you walk into the well-lit market, you can hear shop owners calling you to their shops here and there, and smell the scent of different spices. Shops selling clothes, accessories, lamps, shishas and more are all over the place.

You may want to try out the specialty hummus at the street food vendor, and test your haggling skills when buying statuettes, silverware, belly dancing costumes and more for souvenirs. Don’t forget to have a sip of the traditional Arabic tea or coffee at the famous El Fishawy Cafe to relax a bit before you leave!

Mosque of Amr ibn al-As

Egypt is the religious and cultural centre of North Africa. It has a profound influence in the Arab world. The oldest and the largest mosque was erected in Cairo during the Arab invasion in North Africa.

The Mosque of Amr ibn al-As was the first mosque ever built in Egypt and Africa. It was built on the site of the tent of general Amr ibn al-As, the commander of the Muslim army. The simple-structured mosque was constructed from palm tree trunks, mud bricks and stones, and covered by a roof of wood and palm leaves. After centuries of massive reconstruction, there is nothing left from the original building remains. Yet, the mosque is still a significant landmark in Cairo.

The mosque is open for visitors when prayers are not taking place. When you sit in the carpeted open prayer hall with a dome-shaped roof watching the pious Muslims praying as well as the solemn interior structure, you may have a deeper understanding of the Islamic culture in Egypt.

Coptic Cairo

Egypt is an Islamic country. Yet, you can still see a large Christian denomination in the country. These Egyptian Christians are called the Copts, and most of them adhere to the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. The Copts, who have their own Coptic language and alphabet, are an ethno-religious group indigenous to Egypt and even North Africa. They lead a different religious life from the Egyptian Muslims.

The Copts inhabit in Coptic Cairo, which is a part of Old Cairo. It used to be a stronghold for Christianity in Egypt until the Islamic era. Coptic Cairo encompasses the white Hanging Church, the ancient Church of St. George and the special Fortress of Babylon. You can visit the Coptic Museum near the fortress to learn about their unique culture. You are also welcome to join their religious activities in the church and initiate conversations with them to better understand this unique ethno-religious group in Egypt.