Basilica and Convent of San Francisco

During the Spanish colonial period, the Catholic culture left a profound influence on Peru, and Catholicism was later turned into its state religion. Religion has been the centre of life for the people since then. In the capital, apart from the Cathedral of Lima, Basilica and Convent of San Francisco is another significant church to locals.

Established in the 17th century A.D, this large complex incorporates a church, a convent, a library and catacombs. It stands as a captivating architecture of elegance, and is one of the most outstanding historical buildings in Lima Historical Centre. In 1991, it was listed as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage. In the church, Jude the Apostle, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, is venerated. The most impressive parts about the complex have to be the library with an enormous book collection and the artistic catacombs. This illustrious library is home to about 25,000 antique books, among which are some texts of great historical importance, and of significant value in studying the history of the Catholic church. The catacombs are a gorgeous existence. Although more than ten thousand bodies were laid to rest in the catacombs, and some parts of the remains are even exposed, many visitors are fascinated by its eerie beauty. It is believed that there are secret passages connecting to the Cathedral. Surely an adventurous exploration.

Huaca Pucllana

You don’t have to travel all the way to the desert to see the pyramid from the ancient time. Near the west coast in Miraflores district in Lima, there stands a pyramid older than the Inca Empire waiting for your exploration.

Miraflores is a relatively affluent and modern district in Lima. Many branches of companies, hotels, restaurants and bars can be found in the neighbourhood. It is quite hard to imagine the standing of the historical treasure of Huaca Pucllana in the heart of this modern district. Huaca Pucllana is a clay pyramid built from seven staggered platforms back in the 5th century A.D. It belonged to the Lima Culture, which existed earlier than the Inca civilisation, and thrived between the 2nd and 7th century A.D. Being built approximately a thousand years earlier than the Inca Machu Picchu, Huaca Pucllana served as a ceremonial and administrative centre during the Lima Culture era. Surrounding it is a plaza, where deep pits with fish and other marine life were offered as sacrifices to gods. There are some ornate restaurants next to the historical site. When night falls, take a seat at the balcony of the restaurant of your choice to enjoy the delicate Peruvian cuisine, and the glamorous view of the pyramid in light. What an extraordinary experience!

Park of the Reserve

There is usually a beautiful park sitting downtown in every metropolitan, providing fresh greenery to city dwellers. The Central Park in New York, Hyde Park in London and Victoria Park in Hong Kong are somewhere local people can take a deep breath in the concrete jungle. In Lima, the Park of the Reserve is not only a public open space, but also a unique tourist attraction in the city.

Located between two of Lima’s principal streets, the Park of the Reserve has a history of almost a hundred years. It was named “of the Reserve” in honour of the last soldiers who fought in battles. The most fascinating thing about the park has to be the “Magic Fountain”, which is the largest fountain in the park reaching a height of 80m. The “Tunnel Fountain of Surprises” allows you to walk through a tunnel of water. Simple but fun. . The 13 fountains comprising the world’s largest fountain complex are lit up at night with changing colours. They are some delightful fountain shows for visitors to enjoy.


Lima is the witness for ancient civilisations. This one city is already in possession of two ruins with remarkable historical significance, namely Huaca Pucllana in the city centre, and the archaeological site of Pachacamac by the coast. They are a testimony to the greatness of ancient civilisations and the awe-inspiring wisdom of the ancestors.

Pachacamac is not preserved as well as Huaca Pucllana. Yet, its massive scale amazes many. The archaeological site, where a large temple complex and tombs were built, is an essential sacred place and burial site. Many pilgrims of Andean ancient culture (including the Inca people) come for visiting, worshipping, and seeking oracles on weather (agricultural-related), family and well-being. No wonder it is depicted by historians as “the Mecca of Peru”. The on-site museum exhibits a collection of excavated artefacts, for example, ceramics, textiles and religious objects from cultures like Lambayeque, Nazca and Wari, proofing that Pachacamac was a ceremonial centre. In your guided tour, apart from exploring pyramids, temples and ancient dwellings to know more about life in pre-Hispanic years and the glorious culture , you can climb up the Temple of the Sun to enjoy the breathtaking view of the Pacific Ocean.

Plaza de Armas (Plaza Mayor)

A prominent city square is normally built in the capital city of most countries in the world, such as Tiananmen Square in Beijing, Red Square in Moscow, Piazza di Spagna in Rome, Old Town Square in Prague. Far in Peru in South America, there sits the Plaza de Armas, which is the birthplace of Lima and the centre of local people’s life.

Also known as Plaza Mayor, Plaza De Armas is the oldest square in Lima. It is surrounded by the most significant buildings in the city, such as the Government Palace (Palacio de Gobierno), the Archbishop's Palace (Palacio Arzobispal) and the Cathedral of Lima. They all have a history of more than a hundred years. All these turn the square into the political and religious centre of Peru. Plaza de Armas, the Government Palace and the Archbishop's Palace were erected after the Spanish Empire had decided to establish Lima at the coast of the Pacific Ocean as the capital of Peru. The city was then developed radiating from the square and those buildings. The square was used in various ways, such as market, bullring, the testing place for the first streetlight and venue for religious ceremonies in the past few centuries. The water fountain in the square centre is the only thing that remains constant, and witnesses quietly the changes the square has been undergoing.