Hwaseong Fortress (Suwon Hwaseong)

Address: 1-2 Jangan-dong, Paldal-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, the Republic of Korea

The construction of Suwon Hwaseong was ordered in 1794 by King Jeongjo of the Joseon dynasty to honour his deceased father, Prince Sado. Having a 5-km defensive wall, the fortress encompasses most of central Suwon, including the Hwaseong Haenggung Palace.


Suwon Hwaseong suffered huge damage during the Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War. The Republic of Korea government later began the restoration process in the 1970s following strictly a detailed blueprint that dated back to 1801. The fortress has therefore been greatly restored and later inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. 


It takes you around two hours to finish a walk along the defensive wall of Suwon Hwaseong. The wall extends along the Paldalsan Mountain with many ups and downs. Along the way, you can see enchanting scenery, four spectacular gates, as well as artillery towers, pavilions, observation towers and many others. If you want a more relaxing journey, you can take Hwaseong Fortress Tourist Trolley instead.