Registan

Tel: (998) 662-353-826

Address: Registon ko'chasi, Samarqand, Uzbekistan

Hailed as the most elegant and grandest public square, the Registan is located in the centre of Samarkand.


In the Timurid dynasty, people would gather in the Registan to hear royal proclamations as well as witness public executions. With the erection of three madrasahs in the public square, Samarkand has replaced Baghdad as the cultural and academic centre in the Islamic world.


In 1417, Ulugh Beg, a Timurid Sultan and astronomer, ordered the construction of the Ulugh Beg Madrasa in the west of the Registan. Above the front arch of the madrasa is decorated with geometrical stylised ornaments symbolising astronomy, such as pentagrams and decagrams. The madrasa was one of the best institutes in Central Asia and the Islamic world. It was famous for its studies of Islamic theology, astronomy, mathematics and philosophy.


Nearly 200 years later, the Sher-Dor Madrasah was built directly opposite to the Ulugh Beg Madrasa. It is known for the two mosaics on the top of the entrance arch, depicting two tigers with a rising sun on their back.


In 1660, the Tilya-Kori (meaning Gilded in Persian) Madrasah was also erected. As its name goes, the halls of the building are heavily gilded, with a dome gildedwith gold leaves. These reflect how affluent Samarkand was at the time.