Bibi-Khanym Mosque

Tel: (998) 977-934-675

Address: Bibikhonim Str., Samarqand, Uzbekistan

In the 15th century, the most spectacular mosque in the Islamic world had to be the Bibi-Khanum Mosque. In 1399, before Timur’s expedition, he ordered the erection of Bibi-Khanum Mosque. As the construction work was about to complete in 1404, Timur just came back to Samarkand. Shockingly, he was extremely unsatisfied with the work, and therefore ordered several modifications to it. 


Given the construction techniques at that time, it was almost impossible to fulfill most of Timur’s requirements. As expected, several years after the completion of the mosque, some bricks started to fall off the 40m-tall dome. The mosque was also continuously damaged due to a number of natural disasters.


In the late 16th century, Abdullah Khan II, a ruler of Khanate of Bukhara, halted the restoration work of the Bibi-Khanum Mosque, which was then left as ruins. It is fortunate that the government has been restoring the mosque since the Soviet period and the independence of Uzbekistan. Many parts of the mosque have therefore been restored.