Tel: (98) 215-522-7578
Address: آزاد راه تهران قم، بزرگراه خلیجفارس، تهران بزرگ،، Iran
Ruhollah Khomeini is one of the most important figures in modern Iran. He was an ayatollah, a high-ranking cleric of Shia Islam. He was better known for leading the Iranian Revolution to overthrow the Persian monarchy and establish the present theocratic republic. He can be seen as the founding father of Iran. Since he had advocated conservative religious policies and criticised the negligence of religion by the royal family, he was expelled from Iran.
Although he was physically not in Iran, he spiritually was as he led the people to start a revolution against the king. After getting back to Iran, he was warmly welcomed by Iranians and he became the Supreme Leader of Iran. Although he was only the nominal leader of the state and the administration is under the control of the President, Khomeini had much actual power influencing the political situation.
After Khomeini’s death, Iranians built an enormous mosque as his mausoleum which has become a new sacred site in Iran. The mausoleum is surrounded by two extensive plazas, one in the east and one in the west, to commemorate the martyrs of the revolution and Khomeini. There is also the largest graveyard nearby, burying martyred soldiers in the Iran-Iraq War and many prominent Iranian figures.
Outside the mosque, there are many tents where many Iranian Muslims from other cities stay, inexpensive hostels and food courts for visitors to take a rest. The 72 gates of the mosque symbolise 72 martyrs who sacrificed their lives in the Iranian Revolution. The 124 stone pillars, 22m away from each other, represent the victory of the Iranian Revolution on the 22nd day of the 11th month of the Iranian calendar. The height of each pillar is 12m which refers to the 12 Shia imams. Many worshippers surround and worship in the middle of the huge mausoleum. When you visit there, you will understand how high this Supreme Leader of Iran’s status is in the state.
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