Temple of Augustus

Address: Hacı Bayram, 06030 Altındağ/Ankara, Turkey

Octavian Augustus, the first Roman emperor, once expanded his territory to Central Anatolia. Ankara then became the capital of the newly formed Province of Galatia. Traces of the Roman eras can still be found in the city today. The Temple of Augustus is one prime example.

Emperor Augustus wasn’t buried in Ankara but at the Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome, Italy. The Roman emperor, who led the empire to thrive, was deified as Divus Augustus after his death. Temples honouring Augustus were erected in cities such as Pula in Croatia, and Barcelona in Spain. The temple in Ankara became dilapidated due to insufficient maintenance during the Ottoman years. Yet, a copy of the emperor’s autobiography was engraved on the walls of the temple in Latin and Greek translation. The inscription is an almost completely preserved version of the text, which serves as a reliable source of materials for studying this period of history.

The renowned Haci Bayram Mosque stands right next to the temple. After learning about the Roman Empire’s history and architecture, you can walk over and visit the Ottoman mosque of another architectural style in history.