Buddhism originated from India, one of the four cradles of civilisation and various religions. Gautama Buddha, the creator of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini, a border town in Nepal closed to India. He attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya under the Ashoka tree. Then he gave his teachings in Sarnath located in the Hindu place of pilgrimage Varanasi by the Ganges. He attained Parinirvana in Kushinagar. Though Hinduism and Islam dominate India today with Buddhism only be found in the three holy cities where Buddha grew up, his teachings has been spread around the world. Tibet Autonomous Region, China, and Sri Lanka stand many temples and welcome an endless stream of pilgrims. Together with Bhutan and Nepal, these Buddhist countries are places for pilgrims to attain enlightenment.